Bunions cause discomfort and affect daily activities. Understanding bunions and effective treatment for bunion pain is crucial for those affected.
What are Bunions?
A bunion, known as hallux valgus, is a bony bump on the big toe joint. It occurs when the big toe deviates outward, causing the joint to protrude. Bunions develop gradually and can cause inflammation, redness, and pain. Over time, the joint may become stiff and painful, hindering footwear options and physical activities.
Causes of Bunions:
- Genetics and foot structure can cause bunions.
- Tight, narrow shoes or high heels can strain toes, leading to bunions.
- Certain foot conditions, like flat feet or excessive pronation, can cause bunion formation by disrupting foot alignment.
Symptoms of Bunions
- Joint pain or tenderness, especially during movement or when wearing shoes.
- Redness, swelling, or inflammation present around the affected area.
- Limited mobility of the big toe and difficulty finding comfortable footwear.
- A bony bump at the base of the big toe.
Guide For Treating Bunion Pain
- Fit shoes properly to manage pain. Choose shoes with a wide toe box, giving toes ample room to move. Low-heeled or flat shoes with good arch support are recommended for bunion relief.
- Cushioning or padding helps relieve friction and pressure on bunions. Apply gel or moleskin pads to protect the bunion from shoe rubbing.
- Custom-made orthotic devices, like inserts or arch supports, can correct foot mechanics, distribute pressure evenly, and provide extra support. Orthotics improve foot alignment and relieve bunion pain.
- Applying ice packs to the bunion reduces inflammation and pain. Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can provide temporary relief.
- Exercises stretches, and muscle strengthening prescribed by a therapist can enhance foot function, support muscles, and increase flexibility. Physical Therapy can reduce bunion pain and prevent progression.
- Protect bunions from pressure and friction. This aids in comfort during daily tasks. Bunion splints or braces gradually realign the toe and reduce pain by applying gentle pressure at night.
If you have a bunion, contact our office for your options. The foot experts at Desert Podiatric Medical Specialists in the Tucson, Oro Valley, and Green Valley areas of Pima County, Arizona, have unparalleled experience treating all aspects of foot and ankle care. If you have any questions or concerns or want to make an appointment, please call (520) 575-0800.